Chewing, scratching and hot spots are just few of the many signs that your dog has allergies. However, these signs may vary greatly from one dog to another.
Signs and Symptoms of Dog Allergies
Each type of allergy can manifest differently in each dog and this is the reason why it is sometimes difficult for veterinarians to rule out immediately what kind of allergy the dog has.
The following is a list of allergies and their symptoms, common to dogs:
Seasonal Dog Allergy – Atopy
This is the type of allergy that is very common not only to dogs but also to cats. This is a seasonal type of allergy which means that during fall season, dogs can have allergies to rag weeds. During spring season, dogs may experience allergies to tree pollen. A dog that is allergic to dust mites will most likely to suffer during winter because most of their time is spent inside the home.
In some cases, this type of allergy can also be referred to as inhalant allergy because allergic reactions occur soon after the dogs are able to inhale airborne allergens. Those substances that trigger hay fever to human beings may also trigger atopy allergies to dogs.
Some of the most common signs of atopy in dogs would include:
- Frequent licking of the groin and flank
- Face rubbing
- Ear inflammation
- Respiratory problems
- Paw biting
- Hot spots.
Atopic dermatitis usually occurs to dogs from one to three years old. This type of allergy is common to dog breeds such as Wire Fox Terriers, English Setters, Dalmatians, Bulldogs, Golden Retrievers and Boxers.
Environmental Dog Allergy – Contact Dermatitis
Contact dermatitis occurs when dogs are hypersensitive to substances found in their environment such as carpets, plastics, metal, plants and some types of cleaners. This will manifest in the form of:
- Extreme scratching
- Excessive hair loss
- Skin blisters on the muzzle, feet and belly
- Itchy red bumps.
These signs of contact dermatitis may only surface after 24 to 48 hours from the time of contact with the substance that triggers it.
Dog Food Allergies
This is the type of allergy that may manifest concurrent with other types of allergies triggered by dust mites, pollen and other atopy allergies. Some signs of food allergy may include:
- Paw biting
- Hair loss
- Yeast-related ear inflammations
- Skin irritations
- Obsessive licking
- Chronic Itching in the face, anal area, trunk and feet
- Soft stool
- Increased bowel movements.
Eggs, chicken, beef, lamb, wheat, soy and fish are few of the common foods that may trigger food allergy in dogs.
This is an allergic skin disorder that may occur to dogs that are hypersensitive to flea saliva. Fleas can inject their antigens into the skin of the dog through biting. Flea allergy is the most painful and the itchiest kind of allergy that dogs may experience.
This can be experienced even when your dog does not have any flea visible on his skin. It may only take one bite for these antigens to get into the dog’s skin and trigger allergic reactions. (Life of The Flea)
- Skin itching and inflammations
- Hot spots
- Hair loss
- Broken hairs
- Crusty sores
- Skin redness
- Pimply bumps.
Watching the dogs going through these allergic reactions may prove to be very agonizing for pet owners. This is why it is a must that as soon as you suspect that your dog is suffering from any forms of allergy, consult your veterinarian right away.
There are natural treatments for dog skin problems, but it helps to know if it is a dermatitis problem, allergy, fleas or something else. Once you know you can then determine if it is in fact a dog allergy treatment that you need.